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Thursday, 13 September 2012

Wildcat project comes to end but points the way for future action

Photo:   Cairngorms Wildcat Project

On the same day I was reading the final report on the Cairngorms Wildcat Project, I also received a sighting report of a large cat in this area; of wildcat size and appearance, including the typically thick, blunt and ringed tail.

This was a night time sighting in car headlights and can't be verified but I hope it's a good omen, even though the chances of it being a pure wildcat are extremely slim.

With official estimates of the remaining wildcat population in Scotland being continually down sized, and the latest from The Scottish Wildcat Association suggesting the number might be as low as 35, pure bred Scottish Wildcats could soon be extinct in the wild.

For the past year Dr O’Donoghue at the University of Chester, has been working in collaboration with Dr Ross McEwing at the Royal Zoological Society of Scotland WildGenes Lab in Edinburgh, on developing a diagnostic genetic test to provide solid evidence of how many true Scottish wildcats actually
exist, either in captivity or the wild.

The hope is, that with agreement between the various conservation agencies and groups, wild living cats can be live trapped and tested for genetic purity. This will enable the removal of feral and hybrid cats, so that existing wildcat populations can be fortified by the release of genetically pure animals from captive breeding programs at places such as the Highland Wildlife Park.

An innovative project which provided a trial of targeted conservation actions for the Scottish wildcat in an area of the Highlands has come to an end with its final report being published.

The Scottish wildcat is one of 22 species highlighted as a conservation priority in the Scottish Natural Heritage five-year Species Action Framework (SAF) which concludes this year.

The Cairngorms Wildcat Project helped highlight the rarity of wildcats and the nature of ongoing threats to the species, and also provided valuable pointers to its future conservation across Scotland.

Mainly funded by SNH through SAF the project, managed by the Cairngorms National Park Authority, successfully raised public awareness of wildcats and cat conservation.

It also resulted in the promotion of domestic cat neutering to prevent breeding with wildcats; close working with five estates on wildcat protection measures, and detailed monitoring of the Cairngorm's populations of wild-living cats; the latter carried out by research staff from the Royal Zoological Society of Scotland (RZSS) in support of the project.

Other successes include increased participation in voluntary feral cat neutering by a network of trained Cats Protection volunteers within the Cairngorms National Park. Such efforts now need to be continued to reduce the threats to wildcats.

The project sought to increase awareness of the defining characteristics which are used to identify wildcats among land managers with evidence that this work has already directly benefited wildcat conservation.

SNH now intends to draw on the experience from the project and to work with those with an interest in wildcats to develop a national plan of actions for the Scottish wildcat.

Ron Macdonald, SNH's head of policy and advice stressed: "The end of the Cairngorms Wildcat Project now starts a new phase of action for the Scottish wildcat. It is now up to us, all of us involved in wildcat conservation, to build on the work of this project to develop a new national action plan for the Scottish wildcat.

"This will involve all those with an interest in helping to preserve what is left of this rare and elusive animal our only remaining native cat. We remain committed to rescuing the Scottish wildcat and we will shortly begin taking the first steps towards establishing this national action plan.

"While it is true the project has confirmed the parlous state of wildcats, it has also helped to develop practical methods to be used in the field which could and should be applied in the Cairngorms National Park and other strongholds for wildcats.

"We are also encouraged that the wildcat project has successfully stimulated interest in people about wildcats a factor reflected in the species' greater prominence in the most recent Scottish Nature Omnibus survey."

Findings from the project suggested wildcats are rare but present in low numbers in the western half of the National Park Badenoch and Strathspey; Highland Perthshire and possibly Glenlivet. There were no records substantiated with photos or carcases from the eastern side of the Park Deeside, Donside and the Angus Glens.

Will Boyd Wallis, the CNPA's land and conservation programme manager and chair of the wildcat project said: "When we set out to start the Cairngorms Wildcat Project we always knew that this had to be the start of something bigger if we are to save the Scottish wildcat.

"Through the fantastic support of the estates in the National Park, keepers, farmers, vets and volunteers for cats protection and the joint effort of all the project partners we have achieved a great deal. The future of the wildcat is still far from certain, so I am very pleased that we have seen the work set in the Cairngorms help inform a wider national framework of conservation for the species."

Camera trap images and recovered cat carcasses indicate that feral cats and hybrids are more numerous and widespread and occupy the same areas as wildcats, hence risks from hybridisation appear to be real and continuing.

Another success of the project was working with estates to establish a protocol for feral cat control activities which minimised the risks of harming wildcats. These included criteria which help to identify a wildcat in the field and control methods which sought to avoid harm to wildcats.

It also gathered results of opportunistic camera trapping, sightings by the public, and the recovery of wild-living cat carcasses for analysis.

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This web site is about the wildlife, particularly the mammals, of the Glen Affric National Nature Reserve area in the north west Highlands of Scotland, UK; and the equipment I use to search for them, which is chiefly trail cameras.

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